Minneapolis Drug Defense Attorney
Attorney Thomas Gallagher has three decades experience defending marijuana and Controlled Substance cases in Minnesota state and federal courts. And you can benefit from his expertise.
Attorney Thomas Gallagher defends good people against bad laws.
This page is one of our several devoted to Controlled Substance crime defense:
Legal reform advocate
For decades Minneapolis Drug Defense Attorney Gallagher has been an advocate of Controlled Substance and marijuana law reform. And he has assisted and represented Minnesota and national legalization advocacy organizations and political parties.
He is a NORML Legal Committee member Attorney, and serves on the Board of Directors of Minnesota NORML.
Every type of drug case – both Minnesota state and federal court
Gallagher has handled every type of drug crime defense case. These include large federal multi-defendant conspiracy cases, importation, trafficking, distribution, transport, sale, manufacture, grow, and simple possession – both state and federal.
An experienced Minneapolis drug defense attorney, drug cases are a big part of Gallagher’s practice. Many view Gallagher as one of the best drug lawyers in Minnesota.
In addition, Gallagher has handled many state court, Minnesota controlled substance cases. These include cases involving marijuana, THC, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA ecstasy, prescriptions, opiates and heroin.
Smaller cases, too
Gallagher’s cases have also included smaller cases, such as marijuana grow cases, felony possession, possession of a small amount of marijuana, DWI-marijuana or DUI-drugs, and marijuana in a motor vehicle.
Types of illegal drugs
Drug Defense Attorney Gallagher’s cases involve every type of “controlled substance.” They range from plants like cannabis and khat (qat); to pharmaceuticals; to “hard” street drugs like cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin.
Legalization advocate: In addition to legal triage (defending clients from unjust laws), Gallagher is a decades long advocate of legalizing marijuana. He is a founding Board Member of Minnesota NORML, since 2011.
From his Minneapolis law office, Gallagher helps people in danger from police investigations, drug task force targeting, search warrant executions. He helps people solve problems of vehicle forfeiture, asset forfeiture, arrest warrants, extradition, bail, pre-trial release, and mandatory minimum sentencing laws.
Gallagher helps clients with pre-charge counsel, assertion of 5th Amendment privilege, right to silence, immunity, advice. And Attorney Thomas Gallagher provides tough, thorough, relentless representation against criminal charges.
Types of Drug Crime Defense Cases
Gallagher can foresee the day when lawyers will no longer need to help people charged with a Minnesota drug crime. Drug abusers will get medical care instead.
But until that day comes, he’ll continue to champion people one at a time, in these areas of law:
- Controlled Substance Crime, First Degree, Second Degree, Third Degree, Fourth Degree, Fifth Degree
- Marijuana Possession, Cannabis Grows
- Federal Drug Conspiracy Cases
- Importing, Transporting, Trafficking
- Sale, Distribution
- Prescription Drug Crime, including Forgery of Prescriptions
- Khat (Cathinone), possession, sale
- Driving-Related; Marijuana in a Motor Vehicle
- Search, Seizure, and Arrest Issues
- Pre-Charge Counsel, before or during drug task force, police investigation
Why is possession of some drugs made a crime?
Until the 20th Century, possession of drugs was not a crime. The “common law crimes” were things like murder, assault, rape, theft.
Why are some drugs criminalized, while others are not? The difference cannot be the potential for harm to the user, can it? After all, drink too much alcohol and you will die of overdose.
But it is physically impossible for a human being to fatally overdose from marijuana. There simply is no toxic dose or overdose possibility.
What about drug abuse? If a person is chemically dependent, existing civil commitment laws can force the person to get medical help. See, Minnesota Statutes Chapter 253B.
But many today who volunteer for chemical dependency treatment cannot get it because funding is lacking. (For example, when they seek funding for inpatient chemical dependency treatment within two years of a previous one.)
But why then, we ask, is there full-funding for prisons – prisons brimming with non-violent drug offenders?
Prohibition laws cause more harm than they avoid
The experiments in Prohibition – first with alcohol, then with marijuana – have utterly and completely failed, over and over. The goal of Prohibitionists was to reduce the usage of those drugs, yet the opposite has occurred.
Prohibition laws have resulted in higher usage rates, during the period of criminal Prohibition. This is true both for alcohol and for marijuana, in the United States and in other countries.
Demand has exponentially increased since the beginning of the criminal Prohibition. And how is that demand met? The underground, illegal economy supplies that demand. And immense amounts of money flow through it.
Prohibition laws trigger violent crime
Who provides security for that money, in the underground illegal economy? Not the police, of course.
“Prohibition is the trigger of crime.”
Ian Fleming, Goldfinger
Self-help security strategies developed to protect that money. These include street crime gangs. A large proportion of violent crime is the result of the Prohibition laws. Prohibition triggers much of the criminal use of guns. So if we remove the laws criminalizing drugs, the violent crime rate drops.
Why not change the laws? The laws could instead focus on Public Health, harm reduction for abusers, and the destruction of the underground economy.
Priorities: “send a message,” or reduce social harms?
Some say, “criminal drug laws may not reduce drug abuse, but at least they send a message.”
To that we say, “Should we choose ineffective symbolism; or help those who suffer and reduce the usage rate?
Decriminalizing illegal drugs reduces (does not increase) the rate of use and abuse. For example, in Holland where marijuana is not a crime, the usage rate is half what it is in the United States.
Why is the usage rate lower, where it is legal?
Here, at different times: Look at the alcohol Prohibition in the U.S. – before, during and after.
Now, in different countries: Look at the current marijuana prohibition in the United States vs. Holland (The Netherlands). Or Portugal.
The evidence is consistent and clear. When the substance (alcohol, marijuana) is “legal,” per capita usage rates are lower. What explains this?
Nobel Prize winning, conservative economist Milton Friedman explains it:
“I’m in favor of legalizing drugs. According to my value system, if people want to kill themselves, they have every right to do so. Most of the harm that comes from drugs is because they are illegal.” Milton Friedman, Conservative Economist
The reason is economics – the law of supply and demand.
As criminal enforcement increases while demand remains constant, first price increases. (Ironically, government officials trying to claim victory, have actually cited price increases as evidence of “winning the drug war.”)
The law of supply and demand – natural law
Then as price increases in the unregulated, Underground Market; the incentive to produce Supply also increases. For truly addictive drugs, such as heroin, the increase in supply can also then increase demand over time.
In the end, increased criminal law enforcement results in higher price. And higher price increases incentive to the suppliers. That leads to greater supply, and then more demand and higher usage rates. And the cycle repeats.
That’s why where we use criminal law to repress supply, the usage rate is higher per capita . And that’s how Prohibition laws increase usage rates.
Harm reduction – the solution that works
To reduce harms caused by abuse, the drugs of potential abuse should be:
- either distributed like tobacco or alcohol (as in the case of marijuana); or like prescriptions (as in the case of addictive drugs like heroin); and
- with billions saved from unneeded criminal enforcement, and with billions generated in taxes, provide free chemical dependency education and treatment; and reduce income, property and sales taxes.
“Marijuana never kicks down your door in the middle of the night. Marijuana never locks up sick and dying people, does not suppress medical research, does not peek in bedroom windows. Even if one takes every reefer madness allegation of the prohibitionists at face value, marijuana prohibition has done far more harm to far more people than marijuana ever could.”
William F. Buckley, Jr. (1925-2008)
Author & journalist, founder ‘National Review’
Defending Liberty, Justice, and the American Way – by using the Supreme Law of the Land in self-defense.
For people with no prior record, often the goal becomes to keep the record clean.
For those with prior convictions, avoiding or minimizing jail or prison time is often key. We must consider, and defend against mandatory minimum sentencing statutes and severe Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines.
Pretrial motions to suppress evidence illegally obtained by police is of vital importance in drug cases. The most common of these include:
- Motions to Suppress Involuntary Statements and Confessions
- Motions to Suppress Statements in Violation of Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)
- Motions to Suppress Statements in Violation of State v Scales, 518 N.W.2d 587 (Minn. 1994) (police recording)
- Motions to Suppress Confessions in Violation of Right to Legal Counsel
- Illegal Search Warrant Suppression Motions
- Motions to Suppress Evidence Obtained by an Illegal Warrantless Search, including persons, bodily fluids, cavity searches, automobiles, homes, buildings, containers
Why Thomas C. Gallagher is the one
Most criminal lawyers near you can adequately defend a drug case. And who knows, maybe that’s good enough for most people.
You need the best
But let’s face it. This is you were talking about here. This is your one shot. And you deserve the best.
You should have the best drug crime defense attorney Minnesota has to offer. That’s who you should be looking for.
There are a few in Minnesota viewed as the best. Thomas C. Gallagher is among them. Why?
Deep and long experience
Drug Defense Attorney Thomas C Gallagher has successfully defended people from drug-related criminal charges in Minnesota since 1988. That’s more than 30 years of expertise and success.
Gallagher has experience using defense experts to analyze forensic evidence of alleged drug identity and quantity. Most of his cases involve drug crime investigators, detectives, paid informants, illegal electronic surveillance, and multi-jurisdictional drug task forces.
Best reviews and ratings
Client reviews, such as at the bottom of this page, are consistently five-star reviews. Ratings based on surveys of lawyers and judges aware of Gallagher’s work are the best ratings available. You can see those for yourself as well.
And, as a bonus, he’s a decades long NORML Legal Committee Attorney member; connected to the best marijuana lawyers across the USA.
This website has several pages of in-depth content about Minnesota drug laws and defense. This is the front page among several on the topics.
And Gallagher written many cutting edge articles published on his Minneapolis Criminal Law Blog, about drug laws.
For decades, bar associations and Continuing Legal Education providers have asked Gallagher to teach other lawyers, judges and police officers on criminal laws topics.
Track record of success for clients
For decades, he’s helped clients:
- avoid a conviction record,
- avoid prison,
- get dismissal of charges , and
- get not-guilty verdicts after a jury trial.
What about you?
Question? You can call Drug Defense Attorney Thomas Gallagher: 612 333-1500